|United States Naval Academy|
|For the loss of William Lewis Herndon|
The Herndon Monument on the grounds of the U.S. Naval Academy is a 21-foot-tall (6.4 m) grey granite obelisk. It was erected in memory of Captain William Lewis Herndon, who courageously decided to go down with his ship, SS Central America, and the men left aboard rather than save himself on September 12, 1857. All women and children and many of the men aboard were saved by a nearby ship during the storm.
The monument is a 400-by-71-by-71-inch (10.2 m × 1.8 m × 1.8 m) granite obelisk presented to the Academy by the class of 1860. It was designed by an unknown sculptor, and has the alternative long name of "Commander William L. Herndon, USN 1813-1857".
Commander William Lewis Herndon
Naval Officer - Explorer - Merchant Captain
In command of the Central America, home-bound with California gold
seekers, Captain Herndon lost his life in a gallant effort to save
ship and lives during a cyclone off Hatteras, September 12, 1857.
"Forgetful of self, in his death he added a new glory to the annals of the sea" - Maury
To the right on the obelisk from the plaque, in raised block letters, is "HERNDON.". On the opposite side of the obelisk, also in raised letters, is "September 12, 1857.".
It is the site of the famous "plebes-no-more" ceremony, where the plebes (first-year students at the academy) all work together to climb the greased monument and replace a plebe "dixie-cup hat" on top with a combination cover. This is the official end of the plebe year.
It is a Naval Academy tradition that the midshipman who replaces the dixie cup hat will be given the Superintendent's combination cover or shoulder boards. Legend says that he or she will be the first of his or her class to make Flag Rank, although in reality, this has not yet occurred.
The academy began recording times in 1959. In 1962 Midshipman 4th Class Ed Linz scaled the monument with the aid of a cargo net. Using such devices is now banned.
The record was set in 1969 when Midshipman Larry Fanning made the climb in 1 minute and 30 seconds. However, the monument was not greased.
Midshipman 4th Class Michael J Maynard of the Class of 1975 scaled the monument in 20 minutes in 1972, believed to be the fastest time since the tradition of greasing the monument began.
The 2010 Herndon Monument climb for the Class of 2013 took place on Monday, May 24, 2010 at 1:30pm. Superintendent Vice Admiral Jeffrey Fowler indicated dissatisfaction that year with the risk of injury associated with the climbing tradition and a desire to discontinue it. Vice Adm. Fowler ordered the Brigade of Midshipmen not to slather the monument with lard "to improve the safety of the event." However, his successor, Vice Admiral Michael Miller, reinstated the tradition in 2011, citing that "[c]onducting the ceremonial climb in the same manner as so many previous classes helps to instill spirit and camaraderie among plebes and better links them to the many classes that have gone before them. The Herndon Monument climb serves as a useful event in reinforcing teamwork, organization and leadership."
Table of recorded times
|Year Climbed||Class Year||Time (H:MM:SS)||Scaler|
|1958||1961||William H. Parks|
|1959||1962||John M. Truesdell|
|1960||1963||0:12:00||John Marlowe Truesdell|
|1963||1966||0:42:00||Thomas L. Gibson|
|1965||1968||0:23:07||David W. Wallace|
|1966||1969||1:30:00||Gerald T. Witowski|
|1973||1976||1:50:00||Lawrence J. O'Donnell Jr.|
|1975||1978||1:30:00||Michael T. Spencer|
|1977||1980||2:33:00||Kenneth Flack |
|1996||1999||2:08:46||Joshua Caleb Williams|
|2005||2008||1:16:13||John David Olsen|
|2008||2011||2:35:59||Greg Reichel & Kristen Marie Dickmann|
- Smithsonian American Art Museum. "Herndon Monument, (sculpture)". Smithsonian American Art Museum. Retrieved 29 June 2014.
- "HERNDON Monument at the U.S. Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland". dcMemorials.com. Retrieved 29 June 2014.
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.
- USNA Public Affairs Office (2015). "Herndon Monument Climb Fact Sheet". USNA.
- Ewing, Philip (May 12, 2010). "Academy supe wants to end Herndon Climb". Marine Corps Times. Retrieved 12 May 2010.
- Ewing, Philip (May 26, 2010). "No lard on Herndon Monument for climb". Navy Times.
- Fellman, Sam (March 23, 2011). "Grease returns to plebes' Herndon climb". Marine Corps Times. Retrieved 23 March 2011.
- First recorded time
- "1964 Annual Register". cdm16099.contentdm.oclc.org. Retrieved 2021-05-25.
- Used a cargo net - "Herndon Monument Climb time: 1:14:38". Capital Gazette Communications, Inc. 2009-05-19. Retrieved 2009-05-20.
- Fastest time officially recorded, although the monument was not greased
- USNA Public Affairs Office www.usna.edu Herndon Monument Fact Sheet
- Fastest time greased Capital Gazette 5-5-2008
- Shipmate, July-August 1977
- Bisbee, Gene. "Monumental madness." Annapolis Evening Capital, May 25, 1979.
- The Washington Star, May 23, 1981.
- "Plebes climb through the ooze to academy respectability". tribunedigital-baltimoresun. Retrieved 2016-12-17.
- Longest time
- Official time per press release - "Herndon Monument Climb time: 1:14:38". Capital Gazette Communications, Inc. 2009-05-18. Retrieved 2009-05-20.
- Ungreased following an order by VADM Fowler, Superintendent of the Naval Academy
- Delayed due to COVID-19 pandemic – "Class of 2023 Herndon Monument climb | PHOTOS". Baltimore Sun. August 22, 2021.
- "Naval Academy Class of 2024 records one of slowest Herndon Monument climbs in history". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2021-05-25.
- "Naval Academy Class of 2011 to participate in Herndon Monument climb". U.S. Naval Academy press release. May 7, 2008.
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