List of state leaders in the 13th century

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Lists of state leaders by century:
See also:
Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Timelines:
State leaders:
Decades:
Categories: BirthsDeaths
EstablishmentsDisestablishments

This is a list of state leaders in the 13th century (1201–1300) AD, except for the many leaders within the Holy Roman Empire.

Africa[edit]

Africa: Central[edit]

Chad

Africa: East[edit]

Ethiopia

Somalia

  • ʿUmar DunyaHuz, Sultan (1185–1228)
  • ʿAli "Baziwi" ʿUmar, Sultan (1228–?)
  • ḤaqqudDīn ʿUmar, Sultan (13th century)
  • Ḥusein ʿUmar, Sultan (13th century)
  • NasradDīn ʿUmar, Sultan (13th century)
  • Mansur ʿAli, Sultan (13th century)
  • JamaladDīn ʿAli, Sultan (13th century)
  • Abūd JamaladDīn, Sultan (13th century)
  • Zubēr Abūd, Sultan (13th–14th century)
  • Garaad Dhidhin, King (1298–1311)

Africa: Northeast[edit]

Egypt

Salihi Mamluks
Bahri dynasty

Sudan

  • Murtashkar, King (c.1268)
  • David, King (c.1268–1272)
  • Shekanda, King (c.1276)
  • Barak, King (c.1279)
  • Semamun, King (c.1286–1287/8)
  • nephew of Semamun, King (1287/8–1288)
  • Semamun, King (c.1288–1289, c.1290–1295)
  • nephew of David (Budamma), King (c.1289–1290)

Africa: Northcentral[edit]

Ifriqiya

Africa: Northwest[edit]

Morocco

Africa: West[edit]

Benin

  • Eweka I, Oba (1180–1246)[2]
  • Uwuakhuahen, Oba (1246–1250)
  • Henmihen, Oba (1250–1260)
  • Ewedo, Oba (1260–1274)
  • Oguola, Oba (1274–1287)
  • Edoni, Oba (1287–1292)
  • Udagbedo, Oba (1292–1329)

Burkina Faso

  • Diaba Lompo, Nunbado (1204–1248)
  • Tidarpo, Nunbado (1248–1292)
  • Untani, Nunbado (1292–1336)

Mali

Nigeria

Americas[edit]

Americas: South[edit]

Incas

Asia[edit]

Asia: Central[edit]

Mongolia

Kazakhstan

Nominal rulers under the Mongol Empire, 1270–1306

Russia

Siberia

  • Taibuga, Khan (1220–?)
  • Khoja bin Taibugha, Khan (?)

Tibet

Asia: East[edit]

China: Mongol Empire / Yuan dynasty

  • Temür, Khan / Emperor (1294–1307)

China: Jin dynasty

China: Yuan dynasty

  • Temür, Khan / Emperor (1294–1307)

China: Other states and entities

China: Southern Song

Japan

Shunten Dynasty
Eiso Dynasty
  • Eiso, Chief (1260–1299)
  • Taisei, Chief (1300–1308)

Korea

Asia: Southeast[edit]

Cambodia

Indonesia

Indonesia: Java
  • Prabu Guru Dharmasiksa, Maharaja (1175–1297)
  • Rakeyan Saunggalah, Maharaja (1297–1303)
Genealogy diagram of Rajasa Dynasty, the royal family of Singhasari and Majapahit. Rulers are highlighted with period of reign.
  • Kyai Arya Papringan, King (13th century)
  • Raden Arya Rangga Lawe, King (c.1300)
Indonesia: Sumatra
  • Malikussaleh, Sultan (1267–1297)
  • Al-Malik azh-Zhahir I, Sultan (1297–1326)
Indonesia: Sulawesi
  • Batara Guru, Datu (13th century)
  • Batara Lattu’, Datu (1250s–1260s)
  • Simpurusiang, Datu (1268–1293)
  • Anakaji, Datu (1293–1330)
Indonesia: Lesser Sunda Islands
Indonesia: Maluku Islands
  • Baab Mashur Malamo, King (1257–1277)[citation needed]
  • Poit/ Jamin Qadrat, King (1277–1284)
  • Komala 'Abu Said/ Siale, King (1284–1298)
  • Bakuku/ Kalabata, King (1298–1304)

Malaysia: Peninsular

Myanmar / Burma

  • Athinkhaya, Co-Regent (1297–1310)
  • Yazathingyan, Co-Regent (1297–1313)
  • Thihathu, Co-Regent of Myinsaing (1297–1313), King of Myinsaing–Pinya (1313–1325)

Philippines

  • Gat Sa Li-han, King (mid 13th century)
  • Alon, Rajah (13th century)
  • Sipad the Older, Rajah (13th century)
  • Sipad the Younger, Rajah (c.1280)
  • Puti, Datu (c.1200–1212)
  • Sumakwel, Datu (1213–?)
  • Bangkaya, Datu (13th century)
  • Paiburong, Datu (13th/14th century)

Singapore

Thailand

  • Lao Ngoen Rueang, King (1192–early 13th century)
  • Lao Sin, King (early 13th century)
  • Lao Ming, King (early 13th century)
  • Lao Mueang, King (mid 13th century)
  • Lao Meng, King (mid 13th century)
  • Mangrai, King of Ngoenyang (1261–1292), King of Lan Na (1292–1311)
  • Mangrai, King of Ngoenyang (1261–1292), King of Lan Na (1292–1311)
  • Phanton, King (13th century)
  • Atana, King (13th century)
  • Havam, King (13th century)
  • Trangal, King (13th century)
  • Yotta, King (13th century)
  • Yip, King (13th century–1292)
  • Lumay, Rajah (c.13th century)

Vietnam

Asia: South[edit]

Afghanistan

Bengal and Northeast India

  • Birpal, King (1187–1224)
  • Ratnadhwajpal, King (1224–1250)
  • Vijayadhwajpal, King (1250–1278)
  • Vikramadhwajpal, King (1278–1302)
  • Sandhya, King (1228–1260)
  • Sindhu Rai, King (1260–1285)
  • Rup Narayan, King (1285–1300)
  • Singhadhwaj, King (1300–1305)

Burma

  • Mang Kun, Saopha (mid-13th century)
  • Mang Kyin, Saopha (1267–1273)
  • Marquess of Kengtung, Saopha (1273–1284)
  • Sao Nannan, Saopha (1284–1317)

India

  • Rajdeo, King (1179–1216)
  • Kilhan, King (1216–1276)
  • Kuntal, King (1276–1317)
  • Vira Manikantha Rama Varma Tiruvadi, King (1195–?)
  • Vira Rama Kerala Varma Tiruvadi, King (1209–1214)
  • Vira Ravi Kerala Varma Tiruvadi, King (1214–1240)
  • Vira Padmanabha Martanda Varma Tiruvadi, King (1240–1252)
  • Ravi Varma, King (1299–1313)
  • Lakhan Dev, King (1197–1220)
  • Anand Pal II, King (1220–1241)
  • Purva Dev, King (1241–1260)
  • Abhay Dev, King (1260–1267)
  • Jayaram Dev, King (1267–1290)
  • Asal Dev, King (1290–1299)
  • Jagat Pal, King (1299–1311)
  • Kailan Singh, Rawal (1200–1219)
  • Chachak Deo Singh, Rawal (1219–1241)
  • Karan Singh I, Rawal (1241–1271)
  • Lakhan Sen, Rawal (1271–1275)
  • Punpal Singh, Rawal (1275–1276)
  • Jaitsi Singh I, Rawal (1276–1294)
  • Mulraj Singh I, Rawal (1294–1295)
  • Durjan Sal (Duda), Rawal (1295–1306)
  • Kopperunchinga I, King (c.1216–1242)
  • Kopperunchinga II, King (c.1243–1279)
  • Sangar Chand, Raja (1197–1220)
  • Megh Chand, Raja (1220–1251)
  • Dev Chand, Raja (late 13th century)
  • Ahim Chand, Raja (late 13th century)
  • Ganapati-deva, King (c.1199–1262)
  • Rudrama-devi, King (c.1262–1289)
  • Prataparudra-deva, King (c.1289–1323)
  • Ram Chand, King (1195–1205)
  • Bhishm Chand, King (1205–1226)
  • Megh Chand, King (1226–1233)
  • Dhyan Chand, King (1233–1251)
  • Parvat Chand, King (1251–1261)
  • Thor Chand, King (1261–1275)
  • Kalyan Chand II, King (1275–1296)
  • Trilok Chand, King (1296–1303)[25]
  • Ratto Rayadhan, King (1175–?)
  • Othaji, King (1215–?)
  • Gaoji, King (1255–?)
  • Vehanji, King (1285–?)
  • Siha, Rao (1226–1273)
  • Asthan, Rao (1273–1292)
  • Doohad, Rao (1292–1309)
  • Dhara-varsha, King (c.1160–1220)[28][29]
  • Khumar, Manthan, Padam Singh, Rajput (1179–1213)
  • Jaitra Singh, Rajput (1213–1261)
  • Teja Singh, Rajput (1261–1273)
  • Samar Singh, Rajput (1273–1301)
  • Visala-deva, King (c.1244–c.1262)
  • Arjuna-deva, King (c.1262–c.1275)
  • Rama, King (c.1275)
  • Saranga-deva, King (c.1275–c.1296)
  • Karna, King (c.1296–c.1304)
  • Chahada-deva, King (c.1237–1254)[30] These coins are dated in Vikrama Samvat. They feature a horseman on one side, and the legend Srimat Chahadadeva on the other side.[31]
  • Asalla-deva, King (c.1254–1279)[30] These coins also feature a horseman.[31]

Maldives

Nepal

Sri Lanka

Asia: West[edit]

Mesopotamia

Turkey

Yemen

Europe[edit]

Europe: Balkans[edit]

Bulgaria

Byzantium

Serbia

  • Stefan Dragutin, King of Serbia (1276–1282), King of Syrmia (1282–1316)

Europe: British Isles[edit]

Scotland

Guardian of Scotland (1290–1292)
  • John, King (1292–1296)

Wales

  • Gruffydd ap Rhys II, ruler (1197–1201)
  • Maelgwn ap Rhys, ruler (1199–1230)
  • Rhys Gryg, ruler (1216–1234)
  • Rhys Mechyll, ruler (1234–1244)
  • Maredudd ap Rhys, ruler (1244–1271)
  • Rhys ap Maredudd, ruler (1271–1283)

England and Ireland

  • John, King (1199–1216), Lord (1177–1216)
  • Louis, disputed King (1216–1217)
  • Henry III, King and Lord (1216–1272)
  • Edward I, King and Lord (1272–1307)

Ireland

  • Ua Eichnigh, King (?–1201)
  • Giolla Pádraig Ó hAnluain, King (1201–1243)
  • Eochaid mac Mathgahamna mac Neill, King (?–1273)
  • Brian mac Eochada, King (1283–1311)
  • Domnall Ó Ruairc, Lord (c.1207)
  • Ualgarg Ó Ruairc, King (c.1196–1209)
  • Art Ó Ruairc, King (1209–1210)
  • Niall O'Ruairc, King (1228)
  • Ualgarg Ó Ruairc, King (c.1210–1231)
  • Cathal riabach O'Ruairc, King (1231–1236)
  • Conchobar O'Ruairc, King (c.1250–1257)
  • Cathal Ua Raghallaigh, Lord (1256)
  • Con Ua Raghallaigh, Chief (1256–1257)
  • Matha Ua Raghallaigh, Lord (1282)
  • Ferghal O'Raigillig, ruler (1282–1293)
  • Sitric Ó Ruairc, King (1257–1257)
  • Amlaíb Ó Ruairc, King (1257–1258)
  • Domnall Ó Ruairc, King (1258–1258)
  • Art Ó Ruairc, King (1258–1259)
  • Domnall Ó Ruairc, King (1259–1260)
  • Art Bec Ó Ruairc, King (1260–1260)
  • Art Ó Ruairc, King (1261–1266)
  • Conchobar Buide Ó Ruairc, King (1266–1273)
  • Tigernán Ó Ruairc, King (1273–1274)
  • Art Ó Ruairc, King (1275–1275)
  • Amlaib Ó Ruairc, King (c.1275–1307)
  • Tomaltach na Cairge MacDermot, King (1196–1207)
  • Cathal Carrach mac Diarmata, King (1207–1215)
  • Dermot mac Diarmata, King (1215–1218)
  • Cormac mac Diarmata, King (1218–1244)
  • Muirchertach mac Diarmata, King (1245–1265)
  • Tadhg mac Diarmata, King (1256–1281)
  • Dermot Mideach mac Diarmata, King (1281–1287)
  • Cathal mac Diarmata, King (1288–1294)
  • Maelruanaidh mac Diarmata, King (1294–1331)

Europe: Central[edit]

See also List of state leaders in the 13th-century Holy Roman Empire

Hungary

Poland

Europe: East[edit]

Europe: Nordic[edit]

Denmark

Norway

Sweden

Europe: Southcentral[edit]

See also List of state leaders in the 13th-century Holy Roman Empire#Italy
  • Obizzo II, Marquis of Ferrara (1264–1293), of Modena and Reggio (1288/89–1293)
  • Azzo VIII, Marquis of Reggio (1293–1306), of Ferrara (1293–1308)
  • Aldobrandino II, Marquis of Modena (1293-1308), of Ferrara (1308–1326)

Southern Italy[edit]

split into Naples and the island of Sicily

Europe: Southwest[edit]

Iberian Peninsula: Christian

Marca Hispanica

Europe: West[edit]

France

  • Guy II of Auvergne, Count (1195–1224)
  • William X of Auvergne, Count (1224–1246)
  • Robert V, count of Auvergne, Count (1246–1277)
  • William XI of Auvergne, Count (1277–1279)
  • Robert VI, count of Auvergne, Count (1279–1317)
  • John Tristan, Count (1219–1232)
  • Charles I, Count (1246–1285)
  • Charles II, Count (1285–1325)

Eurasia: Caucasus[edit]

  • Badr I, Shamkhal (1295–1304)

Oceania[edit]

Chile: Easter Island

  • Tu Te Rei Manana, King (c.1200)
  • Ko Te Kura Tahonga, King (?)
  • Taoraha Kaihahanga, King (?)
  • Tukuma(kuma), King (?)
  • Te Kahui Tuhunga, King (?)
  • Te Tuhunga Hanui, King (?)

Tonga

  • Talaihaʻapepe, King (?)
  • Talakaifaiki, King (c.1250)
  • Talafāpite, King (?)
  • Tuʻitonga Maʻakitoe, King (?)

United States: Hawaii

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dates calculated on the basis of Lange, Diwan, 65–77; id., Kingdoms, 552.
  2. ^ "Oba Ewuare II Coronation Speech 2016". Retrieved 2017-07-09.
  3. ^ "Qosqo of the Incas". The History Files. Retrieved June 4, 2019.
  4. ^ a b L. Petech (1980), 'Ya-ts'e, Gu-ge, Pu-rang: A new study', The Central Asiatic Journal 24, pp. 85–111; R. Vitali (1996), The kingdoms of Gu.ge Pu.hrang. Dharamsala: Tho.ling gtsug.lag.khang.
  5. ^ Nussbaum, "Minamoto no Yoriie" at p. 635.
  6. ^ Nussbaum, "Minamoto no Yoritomo" at pp. 633–634.
  7. ^ Nussbaum, "Fujiwara no Yoritsune" at p. 212; "Kujō Yoritsune" at p. 571 linking "Hōjō Masako" at p. 340
  8. ^ Nussbaum, "Fujiwara no Yoritsugu" at p. 212.
  9. ^ Nussbaum, "Munetaka Shinnō" at p. 666.
  10. ^ Nussbaum, "Koreyasu Shinnō" at p. 561.
  11. ^ Nussbaum, "Hisaakira Shinnō" at p. 321.
  12. ^ Nussbaum, "Hōjō Tokimasa" at p. 340.
  13. ^ Nussbaum, "Hōjō Yoshitoki" at p. 341.
  14. ^ Nussbaum, "Hōjō Yasutoki" at p. 341.
  15. ^ Nussbaum, "Hōjō Tsunetoki" at p. 341.
  16. ^ Nussbaum, "Hōjō Tokiyori" at p. 341.
  17. ^ Nussbaum, "Hōjō Tokimune" at p. 341.
  18. ^ Nussbaum, "Hōjō Sadatoki" at p. 340.
  19. ^ a b c d e f Cœdès, George (1968). The Indianized states of Southeast Asia. University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 9780824803681.
  20. ^ R. K. Dikshit 1976, p. 25.
  21. ^ Sushil Kumar Sullerey 2004, p. 25.
  22. ^ a b V. V. Mirashi 1957, p. 497.
  23. ^ a b : Sen, Sailendra (2013). A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus Books. pp. 35–37. ISBN 978-9-38060-734-4.
  24. ^ Rajiv Kumar Verma (2015). "Kalachuri Inscriptions : A Reflection of Dwindling Political Power" (PDF). Veethika. 1 (3).
  25. ^ Pandey(1993) pg197-332
  26. ^ Aiyangar, p.44
  27. ^ Sen, Sailendra (2013). A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus Books. pp. 45–46. ISBN 978-9-38060-734-4.
  28. ^ Dániel Balogh 2012, p. 103.
  29. ^ Dániel Balogh 2010, p. 270.
  30. ^ a b Om Prakash Misra 2003, p. 16.
  31. ^ a b P. C. Roy 1980, p. 136.
  32. ^ Gregory (1881) pp. 4–6 and/or as otherwise indicated. An asterisk (*) indicates the individual is not considered by Gregory.
  33. ^ a b Kurt Forstreuter (1969). "Heinrich Walpot". In Fritz Wagner (ed.). Neue Deutsche Biographie. 8. Berlin: Duncker & Humblot. p. 377 [online edition]. Die Identität H.s mit dem Bruder Heinrich, der 1193 und 1194 als Prior, 1196 als „Preceptor“ des Deutschen Hospitals in Akkon genannt wird, ist wahrscheinlich. Er empfängt als solcher Schenkungen für das Hospital und darf, da man über die Amtsbezeichnungen in diesem Hospital in jener Frühzeit sonst fast nichts weiß, wohl als Oberhaupt des Hospitals gelten. Als das Deutsche Hospital in Akkon am 5.3.1198 durch die Führer des deutschen Kreuzzugsheeres, das Heinrich VI. vorausgeeilt war, in einen Ritterorden verwandelt wurde, war es nur natürlich, daß man H. als ersten Hochmeister ausersah. Der Orden wurde 1199 von Papst Innozenz III. bestätigt. [...] Über die Dauer seiner Amtszeit ist nichts Sicheres bekannt. Sein Nachfolger Otto von Kerpen amtierte im September 1208 [...]
  34. ^ Klaus Militzer. Poppo von Osterna (Osternohe) 1252–1256. In: Arnold, Udo (Ed.), Die Hochmeister des Deutschen Ordens 1190–1994 (1998), p. 27.
  35. ^ Debord, 573; and Watson, 453.
  36. ^ Watson, 453.