Westville, New Jersey

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Westville, New Jersey
Borough of Westville
Thomas West House, built ca. 1746
Thomas West House, built ca. 1746
Motto(s): 
"The Gateway to South Jersey"[1]
Map of Westville highlighted within Gloucester County. Inset: Location of Gloucester County in New Jersey.
Map of Westville highlighted within Gloucester County. Inset: Location of Gloucester County in New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Westville, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Westville, New Jersey
Westville is located in Gloucester County, New Jersey
Westville
Westville
Location in Gloucester County
Westville is located in New Jersey
Westville
Westville
Location in New Jersey
Westville is located in the United States
Westville
Westville
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 39°52′14″N 75°07′48″W / 39.87069°N 75.129888°W / 39.87069; -75.129888Coordinates: 39°52′14″N 75°07′48″W / 39.87069°N 75.129888°W / 39.87069; -75.129888[2][3]
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Gloucester
IncorporatedApril 28, 1914
Government
 • TypeBorough
 • BodyBorough Council
 • MayorFritz Sims (D, appointed to term ending December 31, 2022)[4]
 • AdministratorRyan J. Giles[5]
 • Municipal clerkRyan J. Giles[5]
Area
 • Total1.38 sq mi (3.58 km2)
 • Land1.02 sq mi (2.65 km2)
 • Water0.36 sq mi (0.93 km2)  25.94%
Area rank463th of 565 in state
21st of 24 in county[2]
Elevation23 ft (7 m)
Population
 • Total4,288
 • Estimate 
(2019)[11]
4,144
 • Rank400th of 566 in state
17th of 24 in county[12]
 • Density4,187.0/sq mi (1,616.6/km2)
 • Density rank143rd of 566 in state
2nd of 24 in county[12]
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP Code
Area code856[15]
FIPS code3401580120[2][16][17]
GNIS feature ID0885440[2][18]
Websitewww.westville-nj.com

Westville is a borough in Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 4,288,[8][9][10] reflecting a decline of 212 (-4.7%) from the 4,500 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 73 (-1.6%) from the 4,573 counted in the 1990 Census.[19] The Borough of Westville is known as "The Gateway to South Jersey!"[20]

Westville was formed as a borough by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 7, 1914, from portions of Deptford Township and West Deptford Township, based on the results of a referendum held on April 28, 1914. The borough was reincorporated on March 8, 1924.[21][22] Legislation had been passed in 1900 to create Westville, but it had to have a majority vote in favor of the new municipality in both Deptford and West Deptford.[23] The borough was named for Thomas West, who built a home in the area in 1775 that still stands.[24][25][26]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 1.38 square miles (3.58 km2), including 1.02 square miles (2.65 km2) of land and 0.36 square miles (0.93 km2) of water (25.94%).[2][3]

Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the borough include Newbold, South Westville and Westville Manor.[27]

The borough borders the municipalities of Deptford Township and West Deptford Township in Gloucester County; Bellmawr, Brooklawn and Gloucester City in Camden County; and Philadelphia, across the Delaware River in Pennsylvania.[28][29]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
19202,380
19303,46245.5%
19403,5853.6%
19504,73132.0%
19604,9514.7%
19705,1704.4%
19804,786−7.4%
19904,573−4.5%
20004,500−1.6%
20104,288−4.7%
2019 (est.)4,144[11][30]−3.4%
Population sources: 1920–2000[31]
1920[32] 1920–1930[33] 1930–1990[34]
2000[35][36] 2010[8][9][10]

Census 2010[edit]

The 2010 United States census counted 4,288 people, 1,755 households, and 1,095 families in the borough. The population density was 4,187.0 per square mile (1,616.6/km2). There were 1,912 housing units at an average density of 1,867.0 per square mile (720.9/km2). The racial makeup was 89.53% (3,839) White, 4.90% (210) Black or African American, 0.16% (7) Native American, 1.49% (64) Asian, 0.05% (2) Pacific Islander, 2.31% (99) from other races, and 1.56% (67) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.02% (258) of the population.[8]

Of the 1,755 households, 26.2% had children under the age of 18; 40.9% were married couples living together; 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present and 37.6% were non-families. Of all households, 31.3% were made up of individuals and 9.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.06.[8]

20.4% of the population were under the age of 18, 10.1% from 18 to 24, 28.7% from 25 to 44, 29.1% from 45 to 64, and 11.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.8 years. For every 100 females, the population had 96.1 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 94.1 males.[8]

The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $49,854 (with a margin of error of +/- $4,131) and the median family income was $65,089 (+/- $13,208). Males had a median income of $45,294 (+/- $5,957) versus $39,732 (+/- $7,921) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $26,908 (+/- $3,575). About 13.7% of families and 15.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.7% of those under age 18 and 24.2% of those age 65 or over.[37]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[16] there were 4,500 people, 1,812 households, and 1,125 families residing in the borough. The population density was 4,666.1 people per square mile (1,809.9/km2). There were 1,938 housing units at an average density of 2,009.5 per square mile (779.4/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 93.47% White, 2.71% Black, 0.13% Native American, 1.00% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.29% from other races, and 1.38% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.96% of the population.[35][36]

There were 1,812 households, out of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.4% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.9% were non-families. 31.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.15.[35][36]

In the borough the age distribution of the population shows 24.5% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 32.0% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 14.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.4 males.[35][36]

The median income for a household in the borough was $39,570, and the median income for a family was $49,005. Males had a median income of $35,909 versus $27,220 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $18,747. About 7.4% of families and 8.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.9% of those under age 18 and 5.9% of those age 65 or over.[35][36]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Westville is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government, which is used in 218 municipalities (of the 565) statewide, making it the most common form of government in New Jersey.[38] The governing body is comprised of a Mayor and a Borough Council, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council is comprised of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle.[6] The Borough form of government used by Westville is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor can veto ordinances subject to an override by a two-thirds majority vote of the council. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council.[39][40]

As of 2020, the Mayor of Westville is Democrat Fritz H. Sims Jr., who was appointed to serve an unexpired term of office ending December 31, 2022. Members of the Westville Borough Council are Council President Michael O. Ledrich (D, 2021), Travis Lawrence (D, 2022), Paul C. Mailley (D, 2022), Charles D. Murtaugh (D, 2020), Bruce Nordaby (D, 2021), with a vacant seat expiring in December 2020 (that had been held by Fritz H. Sims Jr., until his mayoral appointment).[41][42][43][44][45][46]

In June 2020, Fritz H. Sims Jr. was appointed to fill the seat expiring in December 2022 that had been held by Russell W. Welsh Jr., until he resigned from office after moving out of Westville.[47]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Westville is located in the 1st Congressional District[48] and is part of New Jersey's 5th state legislative district.[9][49][50]

For the 117th United States Congress, New Jersey's First Congressional District is represented by Donald Norcross (D, Camden).[51][52] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2027)[53] and Bob Menendez (Harrison, term ends 2025).[54][55]

For the 2020–2021 session, the 5th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Nilsa Cruz-Perez (D, Barrington) and in the General Assembly by Bill Moen (D, Camden) and William Spearman (D, Camden).[56][57]

Gloucester County is governed by a board of county commissioners, whose seven members are elected at-large to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis in partisan elections, with two or three seats coming up for election each year. At a reorganization meeting held each January, the Board selects a Director and a Deputy Director from among its members. As of 2021, Gloucester County's Commissioners are Director Robert M. Damminger (D, West Deptford Township; 2021),[58] Deputy Director Frank J. DiMarco (D, Deptford Township; 2022),[59] Lyman J. Barnes (D, Logan Township; 2023),[60] Daniel Christy (D, Washington Township; 2022),[61] Jim Jefferson (D, Woodbury; 2023),[62] Jim Lavender (D, Woolwich Township; 2021),[63] and Heather Simmons (D, Glassboro; 2023).[64][65]

Constitutional officers elected countywide are: County Clerk James N. Hogan (D, Franklinville in Franklin Township; 5-year term ends 2022),[66][67][68] Sheriff Carmel Morina (D, Greenwich Township; 3-year term ends 2021)[69][70][71] and Surrogate Giuseppe "Joe" Chila (D, Woolwich Township; 5-year term ends 2022).[72][73][74][68][75][71]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 2,636 registered voters in Westville, of which 898 (34.1%) were registered as Democrats, 481 (18.2%) were registered as Republicans and 1,256 (47.6%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There was one voter registered to another party.[76]

In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 57.2% of the vote (967 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 40.5% (685 votes), and other candidates with 2.4% (40 votes), among the 1,711 ballots cast by the borough's 2,715 registered voters (19 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 63.0%.[77][78] In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 57.0% of the vote (1,133 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 38.8% (770 votes) and other candidates with 2.5% (50 votes), among the 1,987 ballots cast by the borough's 2,854 registered voters, for a turnout of 69.6%.[79] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 55.5% of the vote (1,044 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 43.1% (812 votes) and other candidates with 0.7% (19 votes), among the 1,882 ballots cast by the borough's 2,623 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 71.7.[80]

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 64.2% of the vote (602 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 32.4% (304 votes), and other candidates with 3.4% (32 votes), among the 961 ballots cast by the borough's 2,666 registered voters (23 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 36.0%.[81][82] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 45.0% of the vote (514 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 41.5% (473 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 10.2% (116 votes) and other candidates with 0.9% (10 votes), among the 1,141 ballots cast by the borough's 2,759 registered voters, yielding a 41.4% turnout.[83]

Education[edit]

The Westville School District is a community public school district that serves students in pre-kindergarten through sixth grade at Parkview Elementary School.[84] As of the 2019–20 school year, the district, comprised of one school, had an enrollment of 361 students and 31.7 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 11.4:1.[85]

For seventh through twelfth grade, students attend Gateway Regional High School, a regional public high school serving students from the boroughs of National Park, Wenonah, Westville and Woodbury Heights, as part of the Gateway Regional High School District.[86][87] As of the 2019–20 school year, the high school had an enrollment of 900 students and 79.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 11.4:1.[88]

Students from across the county are eligible to apply to attend Gloucester County Institute of Technology, a four-year high school in Deptford Township that provides technical and vocational education. As a public school, students do not pay tuition to attend the school.[89]

Transportation[edit]

I-295 southbound in Westville

Roads and highways[edit]

As of May 2010, the borough had a total of 18.05 miles (29.05 km) of roadways, of which 12.72 miles (20.47 km) were maintained by the municipality, 1.66 miles (2.67 km) by Gloucester County and 3.67 miles (5.91 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[90]

Major roads that pass through include County Route 551,[91] Route 45,[92] Route 47,[93] U.S. Route 130[94] and Interstate 295.[95]

Public transportation[edit]

NJ Transit bus service on the 401 route between Salem and Philadelphia, the 402 between Pennsville Township and Philadelphia, the 408 between Millville and Philadelphia, the 410 between Bridgeton and Philadelphia, the 412 route between Sewell and Philadelphia, the 455 between Cherry Hill Mall and Paulsboro, and the 463 route between Woodbury and the Avandale Park-and-Ride in Sicklerville.[96][97]

Conrai's Penns Grove Secondary freight rail line passes through the town. The planned diesel multiple unit light rail system, the Glassboro-Camden Line, would use the same right-of-way with a stop in Westville at Crown Point Road.[98]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Westville include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Transportation, Westville, New Jersey. Accessed November 1, 2014. "Westville was called the Gateway to South Jersey because Delsea Drive, Broadway and Crown Point Road all lead to important spots in South Jersey."
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  3. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  4. ^ 2020 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed February 1, 2020.
  5. ^ a b Borough Department Directory, Borough of Westville. Accessed November 11, 2019.
  6. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 28.
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Borough of Westville, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 14, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Westville borough, Gloucester County, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 8, 2012.
  9. ^ a b c d Municipalities Sorted by 2011-2020 Legislative District, New Jersey Department of State. Accessed February 1, 2020.
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  13. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Westville, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed November 8, 2012.
  14. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed September 1, 2013.
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  20. ^ Westville Borough History: Transportation, Borough of Westville. Accessed June 18, 2007.
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  22. ^ Boro Incorporated, Borough of Westville. Accessed June 18, 2007.
  23. ^ Honeyman, Abraham Van Doren. Index-analysis of the Statutes of New Jersey, 1896-1909: Together with References to All Acts, and Parts of Acts, in the 'General Statutes' and Pamphlet Laws Expressly Repealed: and the Statutory Crimes of New Jersey During the Same Period, p. 314. New Jersey Law Journal Publishing Company, 1910. Accessed October 26, 2015.
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  25. ^ The Thomas West Home, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed October 26, 2015. "This old brick house was built ca. 1775 by Thomas West, for whom Westville is named."
  26. ^ Early History, Westville, New Jersey. Accessed October 26, 2015. "Thomas West and his wife built the old 'West' house located on River Drive and raised a family of three children."
  27. ^ Locality Search, State of New Jersey. Accessed May 21, 2015.
  28. ^ Municipalities within Gloucester County, NJ, Delaware Valley Regional Planning Commission. Accessed November 7, 2019.
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  36. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Westville borough, Gloucester County, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 8, 2012.
  37. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Westville borough, Gloucester County, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 8, 2012.
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  47. ^ New Mayor, Borough of Westville, June 2, 2020. Accessed October 25, 2020. "Congratulations to Councilman Fritz H. Sims, Jr. who was elected to the position of Mayor at the June 1, 2020 council meeting as a result of former Mayor Welsh moving out of the Borough."
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  60. ^ Lyman Barnes, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed March 20, 2021.
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  63. ^ Jim Lavender, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed March 20, 2021.
  64. ^ Heather Simmons, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed March 20, 2021.
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  72. ^ Surrogate Giuseppe Chila, Gloucester County. Accessed March 20, 2021.
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  84. ^ New Jersey School Directory for the Westville Boro Public School District, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed December 29, 2016.
  85. ^ District information for Westville Boro Public School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed April 1, 2021.
  86. ^ Gateway Regional High School District 2015 School Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed June 8, 2016. "Gateway Regional High School is a one school district located in Woodbury Heights, NJ. It serves students in grades 7-12 from the municipalities of National Park, Wenonah, Westville, and Woodbury Heights."
  87. ^ Shryock, Bob. "Plans are in the works for Gateway's 50th anniversary", Gloucester County Times, March 22, 2012. Accessed June 8, 2016. "The 50-year milestone is based on Gateway opening in the fall of 2014 when four sending districts (Woodbury Heights, Westville, National Park and Wenonah) split from Woodbury and sent seventh, eighth and ninth graders to the new school on Egg Harbor Road in Woodbury Heights."
  88. ^ School data for Gateway Regional High School, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed April 1, 2021.
  89. ^ Admissions, Gloucester County Institute of Technology. Accessed November 7, 2019. "There is no charge to attend. GCIT is a public school.... GCIT is the vocational-technical school for Gloucester County residents. You must live in Gloucester County to apply and attend."
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  92. ^ Route 45 Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, updated March 2017. Accessed November 11, 2019.
  93. ^ Route 47 Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, updated March 2014. Accessed November 11, 2019.
  94. ^ U.S> Route 130 Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, updated March 2018. Accessed November 11, 2019.
  95. ^ Interstate 295 Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, updated May 2017. Accessed November 11, 2019.
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  97. ^ Gloucester County's Transit Guide, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed November 7, 2019.
  98. ^ Glassboro-Camden Line Fact Sheet 2013, Delaware River Port Authority and PATCO. Accessed September 1, 2013. "The new line proposed under the Light Rail Alternative would traverse the communities of Glassboro, Pitman, Sewell, Mantua Township, Deptford Township, Wenonah, Woodbury Heights, Woodbury, Westville, Brooklawn, Gloucester City, and Camden."
  99. ^ Manzella, Joseph C. The Struggle to Revitalize American Newspapers, p. 165. E. Mellen Press, 2002. ISBN 9780773472594. Accessed June 11, 2015. "George Anastasia came from South Jersey near Westville."
  100. ^ Woodbury Public Schools History, Woodbury Public Schools. Accessed May 11, 2009. "Captain James Laurence, of 'Don't Give Up the Ship' fame, was educated at the Woodbury Academy, as was Commodore Stephen Decatur, who then lived in Westville."
  101. ^ Reed, Terry. Indy: The Race and Ritual of the Indianapolis 500, p. 57. Potomac Books, 2005. ISBN 9781574889079. Accessed August 15, 2016. "While Louis Meyer enjoyed his somewhat unanticipated second Indianapolis win in 1933, one of the forty-one other cars chasing him was a Studebaker-powered Universal Service Special driven by Westville, New Jersey's Malcolm Fox, who slowed momentarily behind another car in the southwest turn on Fox's 123rd lap."
  102. ^ Fitzgerald's Legislative Manual, State of New Jersey, 1971, p. 359. J.A. Fitzgerald, 1971. Accessed November 20, 2017. "Harold W. Hannold (Rep., Westville) Mr. Hannold was born December 20, 1911, in Westville, New Jersey. He is the son of Chaikley C. Hannold and Bertha T. Hannold."
  103. ^ James Hunter III, Biographical Directory of Federal Judges. Accessed March 1, 2011.
  104. ^ Staff. "Copyright chief eyes web conflict", Seattle Post-Intelligencer, June 6, 2011. Accessed October 26, 2015. "A native of Westville, N.J., Pallante, who has two children, has spent most of her career hopping back and forth between New York and Washington."
  105. ^ "Westville: Once a part of two other townships", Courier-Post, October 19, 2006. Accessed June 18, 2007. "Milt Plum, who played quarterback for the Cleveland Browns, Detroit Lions, Los Angeles Rams and New York Giants during a 13-year NFL career that lasted from 1957 to 1969, was born in Westville on Jan. 20, 1935."
  106. ^ Dinich, Heather A. "Terps, Rutgers rivals on recruiting trail: Schools frequent foes on recruiting trail in N.J.", The Baltimore Sun, September 29, 2007. Accessed October 26, 2015. "A large outline of the state of New Jersey is tattooed on the right biceps of Maryland senior defensive tackle Carlos Feliciano, a native of Elizabeth, N.J. The same tattoo is etched into the arm of his teammate, defensive back Antwine Perez, of Westville Grove, N.J. And linebacker Jeff Clement, from Westville, plans to get one soon."
  107. ^ Shyrock, Bob. "Bob Shryock: What Gloucester County people are doing", Gloucester County Times, September 24, 2009, updated January 19, 2019. Accessed November 11, 20119. "Former long-time professional wrestler 'Pretty Boy' Larry Sharpe of Westville will participate in a Friday, 7 p.m. fund-raiser at Dover Downs Raceway & Casino, shooting pool (9-ball) against Miss America, Katie Stam, of Indiana, and NASCAR drivers K.C. Kane, Ryan Newman, Benny Hamlin and K.C. Mears, who are in town for the big race."

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Preceded by Bordering communities
of Philadelphia
Succeeded by